Indian feed industry 

  1. 1 INDIAN FEED  I n d u s t r y Present & Future Prospectus
  2. 2• Feed definition 
  3. • Animal feed is food given to domestic animals in the course of animal husbandry. 
  4. • There are two basic types:  Fodder  Forage  Used alone, the word "feed" more often refers to fodder.
  5.  • Fodder refers particularly to food given to the animals (including plants cut and carried to them), rather than that which they forage for themselves. It includes hay, straw, silage, compressed and pelleted feeds, oils and mixed rations, and sprouted grains and legumes. Food grains are the most important source of animal feed globally. The amount of grain used to produce the same unit of meat varies substantially
  6.  • “Compound feed“ refers to feed that is nutritionally balanced and has been manufactured using the facilities of an analytical laboratory and under the supervision of nutritionists. 
  7. • It can be fed to animals as the sole source of ration for their proper growth and development in order to enhance their productivity.
  8.                                                            Feed Sector - India
  9.  • India is one of the largest and fastest growing compound feed markets in the world. Feed manufacturing on a commercial and scientific basis started around 1965 in India with the setting up of medium-sized feed plants in northern and western India.
  10.  • Indian feed industry is presently growing at a CAGR of 8 percent. Poultry, aqua and dairy industry occupy the major share in overall feed demand. While the potential feed requirement is huge and stands at around 96 million tonnes, only 20.3 million tonnes was produced during 2012-13. There is a huge scope for the growth in the sector, with industry becoming more organized. With this growth rate India will soon become the largest feed market in the coming years. The feed industry requirements that are met with the compound feed are only 11 percent for cattle, 14 percent for aqua feed and 55 percent for poultry feed.

  11. India –Livestock Feeding Trends 
  12. Low Yielding Buffalo & Cattle Contribute to 50 % of India’s milk Production. 
  13. Feeding largely depends on Crop Residues & By-Products Actual Compounded Feed Requirement : ~55 Million tonnes/ Year 
  14. Present Market for Compound Dairy feed is ~ 6.0 Million tonnes/ Year* 
  15. Private Feed Sector : 1.5 Million tonnes 
  16. Dairy Co operatives : 2.5 Million tonnes 
  17. Un-organised Sector : 2.0 Million tonnes 
  18. Home Made Concentrate Mixture : Local ingredients (Cake, bran, gram husk) 
  19. Green Fodder production : < 5 % of land under production
  20.  India –Livestock Feed Opportunity 
  21. Annual Compound Feed Requirement - 55 Million Tons 
  22. Current Market Availability - 6 Million Tons 
  23. Share of Pvt. Feed Companies - 1.5 Million Tons 
  24. Dairy Cooperatives - 2.5 Million Tons 
  25. Unorganized Sector - 2.0 Million Tons
  26.  Indian Animal Feed Market Structure Animal Feed Market
  27.  SECTOR Feed Consumption (million tonnes) Potential Feed Volume Requirements (2017-18) Estimated Future Annual Feed Consumption Growth rate (%) BROILER 9.4 10.4 8 LAYER 2-3 11.6 5-6 CATTLE 7.5 67 6 AQUA 1 7 9 Source: Industry Notes
  28.  • As depicted in the above table, broiler feed constitutes a major share of animal feed industry consumption (45%) followed by cattle feed (36%), layer (14%) and aqua feed (5%). Animal feed industry can be mainly divided into poultry, cattle and aqua feed sectors. Only about 11 percent of cattle feed, 14 percent of aqua feed and 55 percent of poultry feed requirements are met through compound feed. • Poultry Feed Industry • Poultry Feeding System in India • Poultry Feed in India consists of grains like maize, wheat, sorghum, bajra, ragi and broken rice; grain by products like rice polish, de oiled rice bran and maize gluten meal, oilseed meals from soybeans, mustard, groundnut and sunflower .
  29. Indian feed industry Pdf Download 

  30. • animal protein sources like fish meal, whole fish, meat and bone meal, poultry by-product meal; vitamins, minerals and various feed additives. 
  31. • In broilers, three types of feeds –
  32.  • pre-starter, starter and finisher are used. 
  33.  • In layers, chick mash, grower mash and two-three types of layer mash are used.
  34.                                                                  • Poultry Feed 
  35. • India is fourth largest broiler producer and third largest egg producer. The poultry sector is the key • driver with the broiler production of 3.5 million tonnes in 2013 and egg production of 70.24 billion in • 2012-13. 90 percent of the broiler industry uses compound feed. • Poultry consumption has seen a steady growth over the last few years. The key factor for this is growth • in household incomes. Growth in income is associated with an increase in animal-based protein intake. • Being a white meat, broiler meat has the advantage of being a healthier choice vis-a-vis red • meats like mutton, pork and beef, while also being cheaper than seafood.
Courtesy - Dr Dinesh Jain Sir
                  Assistant Professor, Animal Nutrition